Class of 2016-17
National Academy of Engineering
National Academy of Sciences
Among the world’s most cited mathematicians, Ingrid Daubechies is highly regarded for her study of wavelets—the mathematical functions that can enhance image compression technology. “Daubechies wavelets” remain integral to the JPEG image compression format. Her 1992 monograph, “Ten Lectures on Wavelets”, is considered a classic in its field and has earned more than 24,000 citations.
Daubechies received her bachelor’s degree in physics in 1975 and her doctorate in theoretical physics in 1980, both from Belgium’s Vrije Universiteit Brussel, where she became a research professor in 1984. In 1987, she joined AT&T Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey, as a technical staff member in its Mathematics Research Center.
In 1991, Daubechies moved to Rutgers University as a professor in the Department of Mathematics. She joined Princeton University in 1994 as a professor in the Department of Mathematics and the Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics and in 2004 became the William R. Kenan Jr. Professor. In 2011, she joined the faculty at Duke University as the James B. Duke Professor of Mathematics. Her current research is focused on developing core results for high-dimensional approximation and numerical analysis.
Daubechies is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the French Academy of Sciences, and the Belgian Royal Academy; a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences; an honorary member of the London Mathematical Society; and a fellow of both the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. In 2012, Belgium’s King Albert II granted Daubechies the title of baroness.
She is the spouse of fellow mathematician Robert Calderbank, a 2015–16 TIAS Faculty Fellow.
Daubechies has received Belgium’s Louis Empain Prize for Physics, a MacArthur Fellowship, the American Mathematical Society Steele Prize for Exposition in 1994 and for Seminal Research in 2011, the American Mathematical Society Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize, the National Academy of Sciences Medal in Mathematics, the Gold Medal of the Flemish Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Guggenheim Fellowship, the Benjamin Franklin Medal for Electrical Engineering, the Booker Gold Medal of the International Union of Radio Engineers, and the James Kilby Medal of the IEEE Signal Processing Society.
Daubechies received honorary doctorates from Université Libre de Bruxelles in Belgium in 2000, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 2001, Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris in 2005, the University of Genoa in Italy in 2006, the University of Hasselt in Belgium in 2008, and Norwegian University of Science and Technology in 2010.
She has written 133 articles in peer-reviewed publications.
Daubechies served as president of the International Mathematics Union from 2011 to 2014—the first woman to hold that office.
As a Faculty Fellow in the Hagler Institute for Advanced Study, Daubechies will collaborate with faculty–researchers from the College of Science.
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